Types of Autism spectrum Disorder ASD were revised by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) in 2013. All kinds of autism combines into a one diagnosis that is call autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Autism Spectrum Disorder is the diagnostic tag assigned to a comprehensive type of neurodevelopmental disorders.
Types of autism spectrum disorder ASD used to be analysed separately by contrasts and levels of signs:
- autistic disorder
- Asperger’s syndrome
- pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)
Changes in terminology reflect the newer diagnosis. But the previous terminology isn’t thoroughly include in system. Some medical experts, parents, or autistic people may use old terms, like Asperger’s or PDD, but these terms are no longer recommended and used in an official diagnosis systems.
Get a nearer glance at some terms that we hear regarding autism and how they come into the different situations.
Asperger syndrome was at the mild and first level of the spectrum. Autistic people fall in this type suggests the “high functioning,” with normal or below normal intelligence, that normally can be with or without speech delays . Some autistic people oppose to the terms “high or low functioning”.
Signs and symptoms included:
- They have problems in social connections.
- Face problem in understanding facial expressions, gestures and body language.
- Unable to understanding satire, analogy, or comedy.
- Shows uncomfortable body language, having too near, or speaking very loudly.
- Avoid eye contact.
- Repeat the same behaviours, words, phrases and actions.
Children who has labeled as an having Asperger syndrome may have clear and strong differences, and they also have developed language and improved cognitive skills.
For those who do not know these conditions and symptoms, these can be signs of disrespect, but making friends can be difficult and hard for them. Other symptoms contained:
- imperfect handwriting
- Short attention span
- lack of interests or stick with one interest
- repetitive movements
- get sad when something don’t go as wanted
Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)
The diagnosis of PDD-NOS is done when a developmental disorder didn’t meet the benchmarks for autism. Asperger’s syndrome, Rett syndrome, or childhood disintegrative disorder includes in this type.
PDD-NOS was also called “atypical autism.”
Symptoms of PDD-NOS contained:
- deficiencies in social behavior
- varying skill development
- poorly developed speech and language
- problem accepting change
- unusual reactions to senses (taste, sight, sound, smell, or touch).
- repetitious or conventional behaviors
- compact and attentive interests
These symptoms can involve ASD now.
Autistic disorder evaluated on the severity level of the spectrum. People around autistic children/people can see more apparent symptoms. These involve:
- Problems having social interaction
- communication issues
- repetitious behaviors
- sleeping and eating disruptions
Children who are on the severe level of the spectrum may prefer playing all alone and feel problem in interacting with other children. ASD need support System for dealing them.
Childhood disintegrative disorder
A child with this disorder had the normal developmental and normal milestones in the early years of life.But after that, there was a quick drop in developeddevelopmental affecting these areas concerning:
- Speech, language and communication
- social skills like play activities
- self-care skills
- motor skills
- bowel and bladder control
Childhood disintegrative disorder included children having severe problems are on the severe level of the spectrum.